The whole world around you is governed by common set of rules and regulations. We call it ‘law’. Lawyers are the professionals who makes sure that these laws can be used for the betterment of their clients. The profession of law is not only lucrative but also respected in society. Whether you join corporate law firm, government or advocacy organization as a lawyer, the field will throw new challenges at you every day.
The specialisation in the law decides what kind of career you are going to have. It also decides the nature of your work, pay scale and working hours for you. But before the specialisation, you have to enroll in primary law degree. Here is what you need to do get in to a law college –
The most popular option to study the law is 3-year LLB degree after graduation. One can also go for five-year integrated BA-LLB (Hons.) course after class 12. For this, you have to appear for law entrance exam. All universities in India offer these courses. The admissions for LLB are strictly on the basis of marks obtained at graduation. The BA-LLB courses give admissions based on the scores at law entrance exam.
Top law schools in India such as the National Law Schools conduct separate All India Entrance examinations. The law degree involves theory and practical training as well. For specialized branches, you are expected to do field work and work on research projects. Internships at prominent law firms are mandatory for law students.
Top Specialisations in law
1. Civil law
Majority of the cases in the court are civil in nature. Civil law deals with breach of contracts, wills, property disputes, marriage matters, guardianship and private rights of people. Civil law also deals with various civil rights issues and fundamental rights. You get an opportunity to solve various problems of the people on personal level. The salary depends upon which firm you work for.
2. Tax and Corporate laws
As the word suggests, this specialisation allows you learn various taxes such as franchises, inheritance problems and estate tax. Various tax complications and disputes are expected to be solved by tax lawyers.
Corporate lawyers on the other hand represent particular corporation in all legal disputes. They also act as a legal advisor for the company. Various ordinances, privileges and contracts signed by corporations are examined by these lawyers. This specialisation in law is also known to be highest paying one.
3. Criminal law
You are more likely to see criminal lawyers in your favorite legal drama shows. It is one of the most exciting field to work at. You interrogate accused, witnesses and clients. You have to build your case based on forensic findings, tests and cross examinations. If you are public prosecutor, there is the pressure on bringing criminal to justice.
4. Constitutional law
This specialisation trains to you handle high profile matters. Some of these cases have potential to affect the law of entire country. Constitutional law students also deal with various human rights, free speech and fundamental rights cases. A career in this specialisation will not only give you the satisfaction of working for good but will also make you a well-known face in legal circles.
5. Environmental law
With countries preparing to fight global warming, various clashes with environmental laws are bound to happen. A specialisation in environmental law will give you an authority to fight in such cases. The students of this specialisation are expected to understand the country’s environmental policies and global treaties it has signed regarding it. Lawyers who are passionate about the cause of environment can actually protect it through their legal practice.
6. Intellectual and Patent law
It is one of the fastest growing field in any developing country. As their economies are integrating with world economy, citizens of developing countries want to protect their indigenous products through patents and intellectual property laws. The specialisation teaches students about the enforcement of copyrights, trademarks and patents. Inventors, start up founders and government bodies can be your clients.
7. Other specialisations
There are some lesser known specialisations too. International law specialisation gives you opportunity to learn laws of war, treaties and maritime laws. Labor laws allows you to work for workers’ rights and safety. It can be also used to sort out issues between management and employees in the company.