Civil or Mechanical Engineeering

Before you make a choice, it is best to know what is Civil engineering and what is Mechanical engineering ?

Civil engineering is all about building and construction of structures, while Mechanical engineering involves working on machines. Both are traditional engineering programmes, but still high on career demand.

Here below we go through comparison on whether Civil or Mechanical engineering would be best for a student, in terms of – scope of study, work involved, curriculum topics, skills required etc.,

scope of study

Civil Designing, constructing and supervising new and old structures viz., roads, buildings, airports, bridges, water supply systems etc.,
Mechanical Design and develop machines based on the knowledge of movement and the power / energy that is involved.

scope of work involved

  • Design, supervision and construction of structures.
  • Calculating the cost involved, safety of the structure and potential environmental risks.
  • Involves travelling quite frequently.
  • Design and control of system that goes into the process of manufacturing the machinery and product.
  • Testing new systems
  • Quality management and improvement
  • Marketing products and systems

type of industry one works

  • Building and construction
  • Private consulting firms
  • Government departments
  • Research institutes etc.,
  • Manufacturing
  • Automobile
  • Power
  • Aeronautical
  • Biotechnology

specific skills / attributes

Civil Good logical and mental capability, problem solving skills and ability to grasp new concepts are very essential to be a good civil engineer.
Should be able to express yourself using figures and words.
Mechanical Good technical and communication skill coupled with logical capability to interpret complex and changing concepts.

curriculum topics / field of study

  • Maths
  • Structures
  • Foundation
  • Construction
  • Eenvironment
  • Irrigation
  • Hydraulics
  • Surveying
  • Soil analysis
  • Maths
  • Physics
  • Thermodynamics
  • Fluid mechanics
  • Machine tool design
  • Heat transfer etc.,

core subject strength

Civil Good knowledge of maths.
Mechanical Good knowledge of maths and physics

specialisations available


Civil or Mechanical engineering, both are high in demand among students andcareer-wise too, hence students should choose the one that suits their skillset and have confidence in, the most.


Have a question or doubt regarding your career or course? ASK the experts.


(Visited 6,072 times, 1 visits today)