With many considering these two engineering disciplines to be inter-related, it is a bit tough to choose to go for mechanical or aeronautical engineering as a choice after 12th.
We give below a brief comparision between these two in terms of scope of work, curriculum topics, skills, specialisations, career prospects etc.,
|scope of study|
|Mechanical||Design and develop machines based on the knowledge of movement and the power / energy that is involved.|
|Aeronautical||Design and develop airplanes, spaceships, fast moving locomotives etc., based on aerodynamic and mechanical aspects of these machines and systems.|
|scope of work involved|
|type of industry one works|
|specific skills / attributes|
|Mechanical||Good technical and communication skill coupled with logical capability to interpret complex and changing concepts.|
|Aeronautical||Along with good technical and communication skill and capability to interpret complex and changing concepts, the students should possess a creative and analytical mind.Students who would prefer a career in the country’s Defence Services are also required to be physically fit.|
|curriculum topics / field of study|
|Mechanical||Mechanical engineering subjects:-
|core subject strength one should possess|
|Mechanical||Maths & Physics|
|Mechanical||Diploma in Mechanical Engineering – Eligibility – Pass in X with good marks in Science & Maths subjectsBachelor’s Degree (B.Tech / B.E) – Eligibility – Pass in XII with Science / Diploma in Mechanical Engineering|
|Aeronautical||Diploma in Aeronautical Engineering – Eligibility – Pass in X with good marks in Science & Maths subjectsBachelor’s Degree (B.Tech / B.E) – Eligibility – Pass in XII with Science / Diploma in Aeronautical Engineering or equivalentAlternate OptionStudents can also opt for AMAESI / AeSI (The Associate Membership examination of the Aeronautical Society of India). This four year course, recognised by the Government of India, is equivalent to Bachelor’s Engineering Degree (B.E.). For more information go to www.aesi.comThe entrance exams for various institutes are listed here (click)Compare a Degree vs Diploma Programme here (click)|
|Mechanical||HighIn comparision to aeronautical engineering, mechanical engineers have vast options of industries to choose from, since the degree is general in nature, and applicable to all types of industries that uses machines.Students can take their masters to specialise in a niche engineering field like automobile, nanotech, aeronautical etc., after their graduation for better prospects in that chosen field.|
Aeronautical engineering is basically a specialised degree, focussed on niche category of industry, hence the scope is limited to these specific industries.Students opting for aeronautical, thus, should be focussed and determined, as after graduation it might be difficult to change the field.If any doubts, students should better opt general courses like Mechanical or Electronics engineering etc., and later can take up aeronautical for their Masters.Thus, Mechanical and aeronautical engineering degree though have a few similarities, they both are completely different in terms of career path and on-job work involved.
|specialisations available / related fields one can choose for higher studies|
Whether one chooses mechanical or aeronautical engineering, the choice depends on one’s interest and skillsets to begin with and not to ignore the scope of higher studies for future career enhancement.